09 Mar Sustainable Fishing Terms – Decoded
If you’re curious about sustainable fishing and want to learn some of the lingo, this guide is for you. Below are ten common terms used when talking about sustainable fishing defined.
- By-Catch: Unwanted fish and other marine species caught during commercial fishing. (Sustainable fisheries aim to minimize by-catch.)
- Dredge: A rigid structure towed by a boat to harvest species such as oysters, scallops, and clams. MSC certified dredge fisheries must make efforts to minimize seabed habitat impact.
- Long-line fishing: A method of fishing in which baited hooks are trailed on a long line behind a boat. Long line fisheries must make efforts to mitigate non-target species by-catch to become MSC certified.
- Marine Stewardship Council: An international non-profit organization established to address the problem of unsustainable fishing and safeguard seafood supplies.
- Pole and line fishing: A method of fishing using a long wood or fiberglass pole and barbless hook to catch one fish at a time. This method is commonly used for tuna and other large fish.
- Purse-seine: A fishing method used in the open ocean to target single-species schools. It has no contact with the seabed and can have low levels of by-catch.
- Sustainable Fishing: Harvesting fish in a way where the fish population does not decline over time. MSC Certified Sustainable fisheries must meet requirements that ensure fish stocks, minimize environmental impact, and prove effective fishery management.
- Overfishing: Depletion of a fish stock.
- Target Species: Species sought by fisherman in a particular fishery.
- Wild-Caught: Seafood that comes directly from natural bodies of water such as oceans and rivers.